[The Condition of Postmodernity An Enuiry into the Origins of Cultural Change] Ä DOWNLOAD Author David Harvey – dedelicate.com
David Harvey Â 8 Read
Its reproduction Harvey shows that art and ideas serve as powerful objective forces within history The uestion is if Ernest Mandel defined late capitalism as the result of technological changes that occurred in 1945 and Fredric Jameson sees the cultural logic of late capitalism postmodernity emerging in the 1970s what explains the lag Harvey offers a discussion of the recession of 1973 the crisis of overaccumulation that faced Fordism and the birth of a new regime of flexible accumulationGood historical materialism that puts the economy first For a political take on the uestion of the lag see Alex Callinico s Against Postmodernism 1989 and for an epic view of how flexible accumulation is nothing new to capitalism see Giovanni Arrighi s The Long Twentieth Century 1994 Brilliant bookI ve only read a few select chapters but this book is brilliant and an easily digestible academic textHarvey discusses the city in relation to postmodernity a lot and I think this will be very useful for one of my modules next semester so will be returning soon Deepest book ou ve ever read I read Harvey s Enigma of Capital and was astonished by the depth of knowledge he commands so I knew this book couldn t be terrible and wow it was intense So onto the review having established that the man knows his Capital he perhaps has detail and logicalrational arguments to expound on the relation between economics and culture than his literary counterparts like Jameson in Postmodernism or the logic of late capitalism I ve read some of Jameson s book on Postmodernism I m writing a paper on the topic as a PsychologyPhilosophy student which definitely makes a case for deepest book ou ve ever read but I would contend that in it s often esoteric language Harvey s explicit rational Modernist language is a breathe of fresh air in these Postmodern times Speaking of esoteric this is precisely the thesis of Part of the subgenre wherein surly marxist subjects postmodernism to critiue as does Callinicos in Against Postmodernism or Habermas in The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity or Jameson in Postmodernism the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism Focus here however is on how transformations in the material base determine superstructures such as postmodern practices and doctrines The breakdown of fordist keynesian relations of production is the key for Harvey who finds a compression in time and space associated with the new flexible accumulation model ushered in to save the cappies from the late 20th century crisis The postmodern is the inexorable ideological douchiness that follows the underlying economic douchitudeNo need to get into the particulars too much Consideration of history political theory aesthetics economics Relevant cool c overall Title is of course a chiasmus of Lyotard s The Postmodern Condition dunno if that s some kind of subtle joke but the inversion of and riposte against the argument herein is manifest I thought to add this book after briefly reviewing Peter Gay s book on Modernism The word Postmodernism has become an empty signifier It is a misused and abused term that often serves the purposes of academic rhetoric than that of informative description of certain historical states of affairs I mean how many times do we hear this word used to modify various things This book does a good job crystalizing the term and making clear what this word refers to in history Part of the reason Harvey accomplishes this is that he is a card carrying Marxist so he analyzes the subject through the lens of economics politics and history You don t have to be a reductive Marxists to go with Harvey s approach investigating culture with close attention to politico economic factors benefits anyone Marxist or not All can appreciate Harvey s descriptive investigations one however may part with him on his prescriptive analyses Anyways this is a great book that engages economy politics visual arts architecture literature film etc with the purpose of better understanding this umbrella term Postmodernism Just be aware Harvey is consistently Marxist David Harvey s The Condition of Postmodernity is a difficult book and by no means a perfect book Still for its ability to explain so much it is a great book Harvey explains what postmodernism means and why it makes sense to talk about the current epoch as the postmodern ageHarvey takes up Fredric Jameson s definition of postmodernism as the cultural logic of late capitalism and spends the rest of the book explaining what that would mean Late capitalism is the Marxist designation for the final stages of capitalism Whether these are the final stages is another matter but definitely what this late stage capitalism means now is that most money is not generated by manufacturing but from the financial sector big banks and insurance companies which rely on investments trade and perhaps most important for the lives of everyday people debt Now what would it mean to talk about the cultural logic of such an eraAccording to Harvey cultural logic would be the way in which this debt based finance capitalism is manifested and so postmodernism is the manifestation of that Postmodernism basically affects our understand of truth and reality In postmodern theory there is no truth just perhaps better or worse interpretation And reality allows for space and time to change in size according to our needs of it Classical objects can be renovated and put alongside some modern monstrosity and there s no telling if the juxtaposition is ironic or sincereFor the record Harvey does not endorse this new postmodern move Rather he is just diagnosing the condition Harvey thinks that if we were to really do something to get out of the era we would have to perhaps upset the current economic arrangement. E and shows that this variance affects individual values and social processes of the most fundamental kindThis book will be widely welcomed not only for its clear and critical account of the arguments surrounding the propositions of modernity and postmodernity but as an incisive contribution to the history of ideas and their relation to social and political chang.
The best attempt that I ve encountered to straddle and parse and explain the modernist postmodernist divide the first chapter of Jameson s Postmodernity notincluded perhaps ModernityModernizationFordismModernism 4xPost show are these words in search of concepts related and how is the ca 1990 now supposedly semi autonomous cultural superstructure related to the economic base and how is all this to be explained historically and geographically and gulpyea economically huhAll Very Important uestions and Harvey takes the best stab at answering them that I ve seen nb The preceding has been a capsule pseudo review from distant memoryas a prelude hopefully to a future Digested Read A Synopsis The argument here is that there has been a sea change in cultural political and economic practices since 1972 There is a relationship between the rise of 1 postmodernist cultural forms 2 the emergence of flexible modes of capital accumulation and 3 the new ways in which we experience space time Simultaneity and space time compression But these three changes when set against the basic rules of capitalism appear as shifts in surface appearance than signs of the emergence of a postcapitalist or postindustrial society Thus Harvey situates culture within a traditional base superstructure model to account for changing culture This is materialistic but is not historical materialism because nowhere are the people given agencyB The means of production capitalism The regime of accumulation Fordism Modernization which produces Modernity which we understand as ModernismC Definitions1 Modernism An aesthetic response to the condition of modernity produced by the process of modernization 992 Modernity A shared experience of life on earth adventure power joy growth which cuts across all boundaries of race class and gender to unify mankind But it is unity in disunity as we are all in a struggle of disintegration and renewal Fleeting ephemeral fragmentary creative destruction are the key phrases The modernists attempt is to extract the eternal ualities from the fleeting nature of life3 Postmodernism Heterogeneity pragmatism Kuhn indeterminacy chaos theory fractals the Other Aesthetics over ethics There are no ethics in postmodernism The main theme of postmodernism is to reject the meta narrative large scale theoretical interpretations of universal applicationD Postmodernist cultural forms the transition from modernity to postmodernity1 Since postmodernism is a reaction against modernism lets look first at the periodization of modernisma Enlightenment project Objective science universal morality and law progressb 1910 1915 Fundamental transformation in modernism Art Picasso Music Stravinsky s Rite of Spring Atonal music Linguistics Saussure Structuralism meaning of words comes from other words and not objects Physics Einstein Theory of Relativityc Interwar period Heroic modernism The machine factory and the rationalized city could define the eternal ualities of lifed Post 1945 High modernism Fordist Keynesian period Reconstruction and urban renewal after the war2 What happened in the early 1970s Postmodernisma This is not a paradigm shift but a noticeable shift in sensibilitiesb Postmodernism accepts the ephemeral fragmentation and discontinuity and rejoices in it Unlike modernism it does not look for what is eternalc Art Collage of incompatible images as an alternative to choosing between themd Language Deconstruction What we write conveys meanings that we do not intend The Derridian Deconstructionist looks inside the text itselfe Philosophy Dewey s pragmatism which says a unified view of the world is impossiblef History There is no historical continuity Thus the only role of the historian according to Foucault is to become an archaeologist of the past assembling what is found in a museum of modern knowledgeg Architecture A break with the modernist idea that planning and development should focus on large scale urban plans backed by no frills functionalist architecture In its place it encompasses a use of many forms superimposed upon each other Modernists see space as having a social objective Postmodernists see space as independent autonomousE The emergence of flexible modes of capital accumulation Here he examines the social forces political economic transformations of late 20th century capitalism that produce the condition of postmodernity1 Again there is no paradigm shift here as production for profit still remains the basic organizing principle of life2 The recent transition can be described as a transition in the Regime of Accumulation The stabilization over a long period of the allocation of the net product between consumption and accumulation Ex Fordist ROA is one of rigid mass consumption and mass production and so is Flexible accumulation3 The transition has brought us a new Regime of Accumulation of Flexible Accumulation Occurring after the recession of 1973a FA is a direct contract to Fordism and mass production ields mass consumption Rigid production processesb Flexible labor market Increasing number of subcontractors temporary and part time workc Flexible industrial organization The small business where jobs are contracted to other firmsd Flexible mass production A variety of goods made in batch production just in time inventorye Tremendous increase in service employmentF The new ways we experience space and time Simultaneity and space time compression Specifically our experience of space time is the link between culture and capitalism sections 1 and 2 above1 Harvey argues that we experience time and space differently according to different regimes of accumulation and changes in that experience results directly in changes in our cultural representations The term compression is used because. A great deal has been written on what has variously been described as the postmodern condition and on postmodern culture architecture art and society In this new book David Harvey seeks to determine what is meant by the term in its different contexts and to identify how accurate and useful it is as a description of contemporary experienceBut the book is much than.
The history of capitalism has been characterized by the speed up in the pace of life and the overcoming of spatial barriers2 This is the traditional base superstructure model of culture The economic base determines the cultural superstructure3 Historical views of space time a Medieval feudalism Separate feudal kingdoms a separate place and time b Renaissance Voyages of discovery revolutionized conception of space objectivity in map construction and perspectivism in artc Enlightenment Rational progress of space and time through popular availability of watches and the diffusion of mapsd Modern Crisis of 1848 The depression in Britain swept over the world and brought a crisis to the capitalist world This crisis derived from a radical readjustment in the sense of time and space in economic political and cultural life 1 Economics Progress was replaced by a cyclical sense of time business cycles2 Money European financial integration between countries meant that a depression in one area could affect other areas spatial dependence3 Culture Manet began to explore the fragmentations of light and color Baudeliare in his poems sought to transcend the narrow politics of place in favor of the search of eternal meaningse Postmodern compression Since the early 1970s this space time compression has had a disorienting disruptive impact on political economic practices as well as social and cultural life1 Example of compression in production exchange consumption Speed up in production due to new technologies uick turnover time exchange is speeded up through electronic banking and computerized stock market trading as for consumption we now have fast foods microwave 2 Time Space compression in cinema Ridley Scott s Blade Runner The Replicants who are human replicas built to work in space represent compression as they are programmed to live only 4 ears Gramscian notion of hegemony here The Replicants must accept the power of those who created them consent and return to Los Angeles to reprogram then to live longer The LA language itself has become a mixture of Japanese German French English The Replicants themselves have no history Much as Foucault says about us but they use photographs as constructions of historical evidence replace cultural studies with geographers literature reviews In the past I have tried to talk about capitalism with friends family members acuaintances and all kinds of people who are or less unfamiliar with comparative politics as a totality without explicitly saying that We must view capitalism as an all encompassing system and not merely a few trade policies laws and practices Any time one broaches the topic of capitalism unintentionally invoking a sticky web of other words ending in ism like socialism communism sexism racism etc one risks her own legitimacy from the other person s point of view risks sounding like a conspiracy theorist someone for whom a single oddly simple theory can explain a host of major and minor features of everyday life The problem with this otherwise reasonable response to what sounds like an improbable claim that our economic paradigm has effects that inevitably spill over into other realms of social life is that it does not do the concept of economy justice does not acknowledge the etymology of the word economy The English word economy comes from the ancient Greek oikonomos which meant one who manages the household from the ancient Greek oikos for house The etymology of economy shows the evolution of the meaning of the word from its origins as a signifier of the administration of domestic life to its current much narrower usage to describe an arcane academic discipline related to monetary exchanges and trade In The Condition of Postmodernity David Harvey in addition to his central goal of illuminating the relationship between cultural production and the dominant regime of accumulation rehabilitates the ancient Greek application of economy by showing how what we now think of as economics has critical ties with cultural and intellectual production With impressive erudition Harvey shows that far from being strictly constituted by laws and trade related practices capitalism is an evolving and total household system which in fact relies on intellectual and cultural production in order to reproduce itself In Capital Volume One Karl Marx takes aim at liberal economists like Adam Smith who built their economic theories on superficial concepts of value conveniently avoiding the common sense truth that value comes from carefully directed human labor In offering false explanations of the source of value Smith and others were likewise able to offer false explanations of the source of surplus value and profit ensuring that they could defend their economic practices from critics Marx insists on going right to the most fundamental economic uestion the uestion of the source of value in order to correct Smith s analysis of Western economics Marx implicitly asserts that no economic analysis without an accurate concept of value can possibly reflect the economic reality Marx s labor theory of value is one step in his analysis that broadens and deepens our picture of capitalism and its impact on society He discovered that capitalists and bourgeois economists relied on false concepts of value in order to obfuscate the real nature of their profit making In the same spirit as Marx David Harvey shows how cultural and intellectual production material and immaterial is either taken up by the dominant economic regime to promote and reproduce itself or functions as a means by which the public can get a new and critical view of capitalist logic and the human experience Whether cultural and intellectual production is critical of capitalism or simply instrumental to. This in the course of his investigation the author provides a social and semantic history – from the Enlightenment to the present – of modernism and its expression in political and social ideas and movements as well as in art literature and architecture He considers in particular how meaning and perception of time and space themselves vary over time and spac.
The Condition of Postmodernity An Enuiry into the Origins of Cultural Change Ä DOWNLOAD Author David Harvey – dedelicate.com
David Harvey born 1935 is the Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York CUNY A leading social theorist of international standing he graduated from University of Cambridge with a PhD in Geography in 1961 He is the world's most cited academic geographer according to Andrew Bodman see Transactions of the IBG 19911992 and the author