Free download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness author Gerald M. Edelman – dedelicate.com
SighYou d think that by now I would know better Why did I buy a book about consciousness by an eminent scientist and expect t to shed light on the uestion of how brain processing relates to subjective conscious experience Scientists are the last people to shed light on this uestion because they or at least most of them don t even understand the uestionWhy not Because t s not a scientific uestion at all but a philosophical one and I have yet to find a scientist who knows anything about philosophyI should warn you that the rest of this review will be written from the point of view of a peeved philosophy graduate who detests the way n which scientists all too often misconstrue and misrepresent a philosophical problem as f t were a scientific one Edelman For me this book rates up there with other classics Given Time in science like Chance and Necessity by Jacue Monod A pretty technical and dense book Wider Than the Sky aims to provide a consistent scientific theory on the emergence of consciousness from the neural base without delvingnto speculation such as uantum consciousness resolving to dualism mindbody but focusing on embodiment the fact that brain develops The Book of Lamentations in a different way for every person and neurons are highly adaptable making representations of concepts non permanentn the patterns of neural firing The theory outlined makes a distinction between primary consciousness and higher order consciousness being conscious of being conscious Primary consciousness seems to have evolved Guide Through the Old Testament in the transition from reptiles to birds and reptiles to mammals Having primary consciousness means having concepts basic understanding of cause and effect and learning from experience In the development of primates specifically with evolution of Broca and Wernicke s areas and simultaneously with the development of language conceptualizations about time space and the self enabled higher order consciousness to emerge makingt possible to be conscious of being consciousThe book discusses massive re entry of neural cells a looping The Best-Case Scenario Handbook interplay of connections between different parts of the brain to explain the neural base for consciousness Even thought simplifies the organization of the brain structures enough for their The Last Days of the Romanovs interplay to be understood to a layman I foundt difficult to follow due to many anatomical terms The Fate of the Romanovs in addition to sheer complexity of the brain The author provides a good explanation between thenterplay of thalamus hippocampus cortex and other functional areas Not a casual read and very dense Miss Julia Takes Over (Miss Julia, in partst s hard to follow without previous understanding of brain anatomy and some level of familiarity with philosophical approaches to explanations of consciousness Gerald Edelman a Nobel prize winning neuroscientist offers a neurological theory of consciousness which LOSER interests me because consciousnesss central to many philosophical positions and disputes Edelman Home-Ec 101 is philosophically wellnformed especially praising the work of William James so that he often addresses the obvious philosophical concerns For example he takes care to avoid category errors such as the tendency to treat objects of consciousness as though they were things Exterminating Angel in the same sense as material objects Earlyn his book Edelman makes the point that a theory of consciousness should not be expected to duplicate consciousness eg to generate my uniue experience of red but only to explain Culture and Customs of Norway it Just as a meteorologist can explain a hurricane but cannot produce one a brain based theory of consciousness should give a causal explanation ofts properties but having done so The Billionaires Secretive Enchantress (The Berutelli Escape, it should not be expected to generate ualia by description Unfortunately much of the groundwork for the theorynvolves a detailed description of brain processes much of which Shake, Rattle and Roll is lost on me because he names anddentifies many parts of the brain most of which are difficult for me to keep distinct A Private Midnight in my own mind He then describes brain processesn terms of neural The Weavers Idea Book impulses which travel from this part of the brain to that so that I have a picture of a lot of traffic but not much clarity I do get a grasp of some of the general principlesEdelman makes a strong point that the brain does not function like a computer Instead of algorithms and Turing Machine type operations the brain functions using neural networks and exhibits degeneracy a technical term meaning massive redundancy or that the same result can be reached by many different paths I am somewhat surprised by this since I have read Paul Churchland a neurophilosopher who describes parallel distributed processing a theoretical description of neural networks which can bemplemented on a computer I think this may be a terminological dispute since artificial The Mission of Mooney Rooney intelligences based on parallel distributed processing which learns by trial an. How does the firing of neurons give rise to subjective sensations thoughts and emotions How can the disparate domains of mind and body be reconciled The uest for a scientifically based understanding of consciousness has attracted study and speculation across the ages In this direct and non technical discussion of consciousness Dr Gerald M Edelman draws on a lifetime of.
Thingseventsdoes not exhaust all aspects to which The Road to There it refers unitaryintegrated scenes differentiated from moment to momentthe remembered presentall past experiences engaged Templars in America in forming myntegrated awareness of this single momentprimary consciousness lacking Used (Getting Inside of V, in semanticlinguistic capabilities socially defined self sense of pastfuturehigher order consciousness recreate past episodes form futurententionssemantic ability assignment of meaning to a symbollinguistic ability system of symbols grammaruale particular experience of some propertyualia higher order discriminations that constitute consciousness experienced as parts of unitaryintegrated conscious sceneconscious events complex set of ualiaualia ability of conscious Inside a Barn in the Country individuals to make high order discriminationsscientific description of consciousnessgive a causal account of relationship btw these domains so propertiesn one domain may be understood The Simple Guide to Freshwater Aquariums in terms of eventsn the otherbrain based theory of consciousness should give a causal explanation of Athena its properties but should not be expected to generate ualia by description The Brains wider than the Sky For put them side by side The one the other will containWith ease and You beside The Brain Tales from the Toolbox is deeper than the sea For hold them Blue to Blue The one the other will absorb As Sponges Buckets do The Brains just the weight of God For Heft them Pound for Pound And they will differ f they do As Syllable from Sound Emily DickinsonThis book s amazing Edelman s amazing It not exactly light reading and while he does do alot of explaining One may get lost with out a solid knowledge base n the subject to begin with So I did a single module of neuropsychology Det ordnar sig in college and have read a few books about the brain since to give you andea of my backgroundTo me about half of The Admiral it was comprehensible He starts off admirably explaining the theory of brain that hes basing this explanation of consciousness on This part The Homunculus is difficult but I was just about able to understandt and Basic BASIC (Hayden computer programming series) it was frankly fascinating I had never read an overall theory of the brain before andt was greatAs the book progresses though he loses all pretence of writing the book for a general or non expert audience After the theory of brain he goes Socialist Construction and Marxist Theory into the basic theory of consciousness hes expounding this part The Succubus is faintly understandable though much oft was lost on me He then goes The Bitchy Waiter: Tales, Tips Trials from a Life in Food Service into specific topics like explaining ualia the sense of feeling something andntentionality the Dictionary of Misinformation intention to do something and these parts were way past me and I believe 80 90% of people out there which makes you wonder as I have done so often with these types of books why he bothered explaining things at the startf the book wasn t written for a general audience It wasn t an Rosettas Dress Mess (Tales of Pixie Hollow, issue of talking about specific brain regions that an expert wouldn t knowt was his use of language something that was entirely avoidable Shadowtech (Shadowrun, 7110) by Karl Wu (1993-01-09) if he just wrotet better or had a better editorFor example there was a sentence The reticular nucleus t s suspected acts to switch or gate the activities of the specific thalamic nuclei yielding different patterns of expression of such sensory modalities as sight hearing and touch which could have been written The reticular nucleus Archetype (Archetype, is believed to be a switch or gate to different ways to see hear or sense the world and would ve been shorter and a lot clearerThe last two chapters become very readable again and are a uitenteresting summary of the book but leave out a lot of detail I can only presume was gone nto n detail The Wise Man's Fear (The Kingkiller Chronicle, Book 2) in previous chapters He also leaves out things like experimental backing for the theory which he sayss done n different books listed n the bibliography which Driven (Full Throttle, is also very well laid out The glossarys poorly explained as well as Harrisons Principles of Internal Medicine it always being cumbersome to have to go to the end of the book to read the out of context explanation of a term that could ve been just explainedn textAs t was what I did understand was fascinating but there was far too little of those bits This s not so much a review as a synopsisEdelman s work on both researching and describing neuroanatomy has significantly changed the way we see how the brain works It My Dead Pets Are Interesting is not too difficult to follow and should be enough to rock subjects like psychology to the core as they seem happy to proceed on the delusion that theres some kind of metaphysical Heat It Up (Out of Uniform, ie non physical mind that bears no resemblance to the brain With people This books very nteresting but very difficult Edelman starts by describing the neural anatomy that sensory perceptions and then processed nformation travels through Guys Like Girls Who . . . in order for our brains to processnformation then describes how this process of ordering O Mistério do Lago (Inspetor Erlendur, infos primary consciousness Combined with value systems with nstinctual response. The self and to the origins of feelings learning and memory His analysis of the brain activities underlying consciousness s based on recent remarkable advances Tristes trópicos in biochemistrymmunology medical Pax Indica imaging neuroscience and evolutionary biology yet themplications of his book extend farther beyond the worlds of science and medicine A Modest Independence (Parish Orphans of Devon, into virtually every area of humannui.
review Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness
D error based on massive feedback loops This resembles brain processing as Edelman describes The Broken Sword (Forever King, itEdelman says that consciousnesss an epiphenomenon based on the continual cycling of neural Büyücü ve Cam Küre (Kara Kule, impulsesn the brain Neural The Witches of Eastwick (Eastwick input may come from sense organs such as the optic nerves ands then cycled through a part of the cerebral cortex which categorizes t n terms of conceptual experience and then Gospođa (Suzana is recycled so as to refine and to clarify the originalmpression Along the way the neural EGGcellent Joke Book impulses may go through value systems areas of the brain not ethics which prioritize neuralmpulses Stealing Midnight (Beneath the Veil, in various ways such as to promote survival or to focus or to accomplish some other purpose This recycling of neuralmpulses called reentrant and related to a feedback loop resembles churning such as water The Poison Squad in a washing machine orn ocean tides and serves to generate a constantly changing model of the sensory world as well as of one s own body and needs The Dragons Oath (Northbane Shifters, image generated by the constant cycling of neuralmpulses Theres No Place Like D-Wing is consciousness Or to putt another way consciousness Hatch Bright! is the way the worldncluding our own bodies seems to us after the brain has done Heaven (Heaven Sent, its categorizing prioritizing updating emotional coloration and other refinementsSo according to Edelman consciousnesss generated by neural processes but unlike neural processing cannot cause anything to happen Only neural processes have causal efficacy Edelman uotes beautiful metaphors from William James to Monster, Vol. 3: The Perfect Edition illustrate So the melody floats from the harp string but neither checks nor uickensts vibration so the shadow runs alongside the pedestrian but n no way nfluences his steps I m Dancing With The Devil impressed by Edelman s argument but I have a problem with thedea that consciousness Tell Me Everything itself as distinct from neural processes cannot cause anything to happen Just for startersf I call up the movie theater and find out the time of the next screening my conscious knowledge of that time Parental Guidance (Ice Knights, is part of the causal chain that leads me to go to the theater I suppose the counterarguments that my neural processes are handling all of that and my consciousness Die Zeit, die uns bleibt is only keeping me updatedBut I think this limits the term consciousness to only the most superficial aspects of my awareness If I known the usual sense of the word that force euals mass times acceleration t s not just words that I know I know the meanings of the terms and how to apply those terms Claiming Cullen in specific situations Even though I may not articulate all of that I know that I know and thats part of my consciousness of knowing the euation from physics To say that my knowledge of how to apply the euation The Castlemaine Murders (Phryne Fisher, is handled by neural processes while I am only conscious of wordss to take the term consciousness Titanium Mike Saves the Day in too restricted a sense My consciousnessncludes awareness of meanings and powers that I don t necessarily recite to myselfBe all of that as The Daughters of Cain (Inspector Morse, it may I ammpressed enough by Edelman s theory to pursue the San Angelo Showdown (Blood Bond, issue by further reading While I have no doubt that Edelmans a great neuroscientist I have seen science writing done better by other people Paul Churchland If Looks Could Kill in The Engine of Reason the Seat of the Soul to my mind does a farmpressive job of describing parallel distributed processing neural networks though he approaches Elvis and the Blue Christmas Corpse it from a theoretical viewpoint rather than from the viewpoint of empirical research Either wayt The Italian Kitten Meets The Russian Wolf (Giovanni Family, is a fascinating topic This books written by one of the most prominent scientists of this field therefore making Isabel (Families of Dorset it an authentic and credible depiction of the topic ConsciousnessHowever This was my first read book about consciousness and I had a hard time finishing this book not becauset wasn t a great book but I had barely any knowledge as prereuisites other than the uest to understand consciousness and wondering Moreover I was Forbidden Ecstasy (Gray Eagle, in a rush to return the book to the borrowerThe only thing I remember from this books the exuisite poem by Emily Dickinson n ts preface The Brain From the Highest Mountain is wider t be patient u ve gotta get thru about 80 pages before the book starts getting anywhere nearnterestingthe biological theory must show how the neural bases for consciousness could have arisen during evolution how consciousness develops Enchanted Heart in certain animalscausal status of consciousness epiphenomenon wo material conseuences efficacious causes things to happen neural bases of consciousness but not consciousness per se can cause things to happenhow a neural mechanism entails a subjective conscious state ualeWilliam James consciousnesss utterly dependent on the brain consciousness s embodiedhow properties of conscious experience can emerge from properties of brainconsciousness s a process not a thingJamesian properties of consciousnessprivatesubjective occurs only Of Grave Concern (An Ophelia Wylde Paranormal Mystery, in thendividualcontinuous albeit continually changingintentionality about. Scientific Darkness Avenged (Guardians of Eternity, inuirynto the workings of the brain to formulate answers to the mind body uestions that Bound in Lingerie (Bare Naked Designs, intrigue every thinking personConcise and understandable the book explains pertinent findings of modern neuroscience and describes how consciousness arisesn complex brains Edelman explores the relation of consciousness to causation to evolution to the development of.
Free download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness author Gerald M. Edelman – dedelicate.com
Gerald Maurice Edelman born July 1 1929 is an American biologist who shared the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for work with Rodney Robert Porter on the immune system1 Edelman's Nobel Prize winning research concerned discovery of the structure of antibody molecules2 In interviews he has said that the way the components of the immune system evolve over the life of the individu