Download Epub Super Thinking º Gabriel Weinberg – dedelicate.com
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Result in the ability to think better about the world which you can use to your advantage to make better decisions both personally and professionally viii emphasis theirsThe book is clever and well written with lots of images funny comics and unintimidating raphs that provide multiple pathways to content comprehension Its strongest feature is the sheer number of mental models on offer and how McCann and Weinberg weave them together in a series of thematic chapters Although many of the model I picked this up for two reasons1 I ve read Gabriel s first book Traction and found it immensely helpful2 I m a big fan of mental models Have read Robert Cialdini Dan Kahnemann Dan Ariely Malcolm Gladwell Richard Thaler a bunch of others including being a regular at Farnam Street though haven t been able to consistently use than a handful of themSo picking a book being portrayed as a single treasure trove from a validated author seemed like a no brainer But I d have to say I m not extremely impressed by itFirst of all it s extremely difficult to weave all the mental models into a story like format rather than just listing all of them out I can totally understand the amount of work that must have The Astral Codex gone into this to infuse storytelling and make it as relatable as possible for readers to understand And for that I really appreciate the authors However following were som Aood collection of mental models extracted from various disciplines which if applied properly can help broaden one s perspective Very similar to Charlie Munger s emphasis on breadth of knowledge and when magic happens when a confluence of factors across a broad spectrum manifest themselves in a lollapalooza effect A few mental models that stood out1 Argue from first principles Here There Be Witches go back to basics and figure out what are we really trying to solve2 Be aware that your views are being framed by people around you eg first impressions media3 To avoid personal biases or framed perspective walk a mile in their shoes try to see from their point of view as impartially as possible using a third person s view How are we being perceived by the observer4 Learned selflessness people stop trying when they believe their efforts just don t cut it any or it s just not worth it any Results in active disengagement 5 Thinkingray the world is not black and white Truly effective leaders are able to see shades of Story of the Liberty Bell gray inherent in a situation and make wise decisions on how to proceed 6 Tragedy of the commons free riders stems back to human nature to be selfish andreedy Especially if the specific action does not come with any negative conseuences financial social civic etc Rules and regulations need to be set to draw the line they need to be enforced or else another negative norm is set which will make it harder to unwind Good example on the preschool imposition of preschool late pick up fines that made it okay to pay for the teachers extra time leading to late pick ups When the fine was removed the numbers didn t recover because a new norm has been set7 Asymmetric information eg Real Estate agent vs buyer8 Goodhart s law when a measure becomes a target it ceases to be a Fake Mustache good measure 9 Technical debt in programming most coders tend to prioritise short term code fixes over long term well designed ones Over time the debts accumulate to make the code clunky and someone in the future will have to fix the mess Short termism10 Path dependence Sometimes the outcome was decided by a path taken earlier Trick is to recognize points of no return11 Paradox of choice over abundance of choice lead to fear of making suboptimal choices unhappiness Improve design by limiting choice where possible12 The top idea in your mind most people have one or two and their thoughts will drift toward when they re allowed to Normally these are things that excite them because they are impactful However not many organisations allow time for people to have their minds drift freely into these top ideas and put them into actions These are the ideas that can move the needle andenerate passion amongst people eg Google13 Deep work allow people to spend time on tackling the really tough things undisturbed Most people will want to solve problems they know how to solve These are the B problems at best In the long run the company will be a B company The A problems are hard by definition and reuire deep unobstructed work and to be a truly top organisation deep work on top of best people are needed to solve the really tough problems14 What is important is seldom urgent and what is urgent is seldom important Dwight Eisenhower 15 Parkinson s law work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion 15 Reframe the problem to help look at it from different angles The shortcuts can normally be found eg hackers reframe the problem from How can we best Desert Rose and Her Highfalutin Hog guess your password to how can we bestet your password 16 It s not the most intellectual or strongest of species that survives but the one that is best to adapt to the changing environment17 Don t fight with nature inertia reuires significant amount of activation energy Make sure you have that first 18 Shirky principle institutions will try to preserve the problem which they are the solution Reminds me of Ronald Reagan s autobiography where he shared his encounter with unemployment offices discouraging people to take up jobs but to receive their handouts instead bureaucracy s number one objective is to preserve the bureaucracy19 Flywheel a rotating disk that is used to store energy to create momentum20 Homeostasis organism regulates itself around a certain condition similar to organisations regulating itself around a certain metrics or values 21 Technology adoption cycle innovators 25% early adopters 135% early majority 34% late majority 34% laggards 16%22 Metcalfe s law non linear rowth in network. You can just read Super Thinking a fun illustrated uide to every mental model you could possibly need How can mental models help you Well here are just a few examples • If you've ever been overwhelmed by a to do list that's Hey Wait a Minute! Five Rough and Reluctant Sex Erotica Stories grown too long maybe you need the Eisenhower Decision Matrix to help you prioritize • Use the 5 Whys model to better understand people's motivations oret to the root cause of a problem • Before concluding that your colleague who messes up your projects is out to sabotage you consider Hanlon's Razor for an alternative explanatio.
As I read this book I would Drawing Straws get up ando see myself in front of a mirror and say You know nothing John Snow lol This is one of those books that will change your life uproot it twist it it will literally chew you and spit out It combines the traditional and machine wisdomlearnings that is well written with examples to understandYou will think about your friends family co workers all the events in the past all the living and non living You would remember how some of these mental models were applied on you or how you unknowingly fell pray to themThis book has something for everyone Whether you are starting a company working a normal 9 5 job parenting play competitive sports etc the book offers timeless mental models that will not just make you experience life through a whole new dimension but it will also help you et better at decision making reading people dealing with conflict motivating yourself and others Awesome bookThe authors apparently wrote the book for themselves which makes it even useful and valuableI would have personally used even picturesgraphs to explain and compare ideasbehaviorA book worth returning to I have found my new favorite book and wrote 278 Anki cards to memorize all these mental models shared in the bookThis is not a book to read casually you probably wouldn t remember much of it This is a book to read slowly study and rememberThank you Gabriel Weinberg and Laurent McCann for taking the time to write this book It will help me for many years to comeI wish I had it 15 years ago but life is a never ending self improvement experience Looking forward to changing from cargo cult scientist to super thinkerNow I ll have to find Super Thinking partners to join me on this journey When I saw a tweet from Annie Duke saying the world would improve immediately if everyone read this book I had to check it out I wasn t disappointed This book is simple easy to follow and ives mental models that Ethical Responsiveness and the Politics of Difference greatly help your decision making It has a heavy Charlie Munger influence and feel throughout the book which was an added bonus The authors uote him often and use him and Warren Buffett in several examples I also appreciated that it was written by the DuckDuckGo CEO as he used someood technology references that I enjoyed I could write a lot about the different models covered but I ll spare an exhaustive list just know you will have the decision making tools billionaires like Charlie Munger use to simplify complex decisions across a wide array of industries You will see connections you d normally miss and have insights that put you in an advantageous position when it comes to judgment and decision making It s a reat read worth checking out Mental Models applied in real life contextThe book did an excellent job by connecting mental models in real life context using a storytelling style rather an academic listing of the modelsHighly recommend No star rating I think it would rely too much on individual contextST is a book about everything and nothingMental models are framed named concepts than encapsulated knowledge and observation to simplify reasoning and problem solving But the problem is they are everywhere it s hard to classify them they have very different origins and they are products of very different disciplines or just streams of thoughtThat s why this book basically feels like an aggregation of other books summaries Books of very different origin audience Usually very ood books And usually very different summary I think Why I think Because TBH I haven t found almost anything new here it means I m revisiting knowledge I ve collected closer to the root Maybe that s why everything was clear and straightforward but how could I say whether it s the same for a person who doesn t read that muchFor me the major uestion is does it make sense to create books like that Books that collect the essential outcomes the final products of long deep considerations To be honest I m not sure but rather not Eg the value of Thinking Fast and Slow is much larger than just the concept of two personalities and can t be summarized on few pagesBut on the other hand maybe a book like ST will be a beginning of a journey for several people who Elizabeth Cady Stanton get inspired reading about all these models Maybe I love mental models but this book can t even install 1 of them to the readers mind It is a list of 100s of mental models explained in a few sentences This should not have been a book but a list of mental models instead maybe a webpage or something I m not sure what was Gabriel thinking turning this into a book but each mental model deserves its own course practices posts examples Each mental model can be turned in to small books But cramming 100s of them into a single book like this is just foolish Overall I can only recommend this book if you want too over 100s of mental models in a fast way But when someone creates a decent mental model list in to a searchable form this book will be history Here is my list enjoy Before starting it I had misgivings about whether Lauren McCann and Gabriel Weinberg s Super Thinking would be worthwhile for me to read This was mainly because I have already studied a lot of mental models from various fields of research and also because it seemed a bit too self helpy for my taste But my best friend bought me a copy so I took it up in order to discuss with himTo its credit Super Thinking is probably the most comprehensive and up to date collection of mental models recurring concepts that help us explain predict or approachseemingly disparate subjects available to modern readers vii McCann and Weinberg s After the End goal is to highlight a variety of broadly useful or super models that serve as mental tools for successfully understanding and navigating the many challenges of life viii They claim that the proper application of these models will. You can't really know anything if you just remember isolated facts If the facts don't hang together on a latticework of theory you don't have them in a usable form You'veot to have models in your head Charlie Munger investor vice chairman of Berkshire HathawayThe world's The Doll and Her Friends (1893) greatest problem solvers forecasters and decision makers all rely on a set of frameworks and shortcuts that help them cut through complexity and separateood ideas from bad ones They're called mental models and you can find them in dense textbooks on psychology physics economics and Or.
Download Epub Super Thinking º Gabriel Weinberg – dedelicate.com
Value when nodes are connected to one another 23 Accept that we are surrounded by chaotic system and adaptability is the key success factor Don t be lulled into a sense of stability and put effort into creating a perfect system in the stable system that does not exist in the first places It s okay to plan ahead just be aware that all it takes is a flap of the butterfly s wings to undo the plans24 Luck surface area lucky people are not lucky They tend to spread themselves that covers a wide surface area such that when an opportunity arises they are there25 For any issues you can find people on both sides with numbers to back up their position26 Survivorship bias surveys are filled by people who care enough to response Eg surviving WW2 planes were analysed and reinforced based on where they were hit the most but realised that these were the planes that survived and the places most hit are the ones that need the least reinforcements because Pilots can survive even when those areas are hit hard27 Bayesian starting from a prior intuition and converge toward the truth Faster but prone to local optimum Freuentist starting from scratch based on cold hard numbers More accurate only if there big enough and diversified sample size 28 Hysteresis system s current state can depend on its history eg T cells that help power our immune system upon activation would reuire lower threshold to reactivate29 Knowns and unknowns 2x2 matrix Objective is to move as many things it known knowns as possible Known unknowns Septiņi get help from others who know unknown knownset some experience unknown unknowns thought experiments scenario analysis to minimise blind spots30 Beware of Nightbane World Book One groupthink Typically associated to person with the highest demonstration of confidence able toet their bandwagons The All New Jonah Twist going with followers jumping on uickly creating a convergent thinking environment 31 Social norms is powerful than market norms Eg one is less likely to want to be paid by neighbours to babysit their kid vs doing them a favour 32 Distributive justice vs procedural justice euity vs euality 33 Strawman opponent misrepresent the issue by associating your argument to something else that s easy to attack and incite emotions34 Loss leader strategy one product is priced low to increase the demand for complementary products35 Sometimes the only winning move is not to play Not all conflicts need to be tackled head on or resolved Need to be selective else it isoing to severely drain your resources36 Generals always fight the last war Successful people leaders are where they are because of their past victories and modus operandi which helped them leapfrog the then status uo Until when they become the status uo37 Organisations hardly ever have perfect resources nor can they always afford to wait until they have better ones before moving forward Great people are unlikely to be concentrated in a single organisation Successful organisations are successful because right people are led in the right way38 10x teams or 10x employees Right confluence of factors to lead to superior performance However the output may not be replicated when they switch roles or projects 39 Creating a 10x team reuires a leader to understand the difference and nuances It oes way beyond just putting a body on the job but having the right skills attitude personalities within the team More often than not large organisations have the tendency to trust their processes too much that people feel like they re just a cog in the machine and hence feel disengaged instead of creating a 10x team a 01x team was created40 Three types of people reuired in different phases of organisation project life cycles commando speed no rules create a beachhead army large numbers to build systems and infrastructures to extend advantage police enforce rules build stability for rowth Having the wrong Legon Ascension (Legon Series group at the wrong time can hurt you a lot than helps41 The fox knows many things but the hedgehog knows one big thing Successful businesses were started by hedgehogs having a singular focus to beood at one core idea However for the successful company to survive in the long term they need foxes Hedgehogs tend to have a focused world view whereas foxes tend to be cautious and pragmatic 42 When PMS giving feedbacks with radical candour Being vague and abstract is much easier because it avoids the hard work of identifying specific examples and the psychological stress of debating the nuances around those specifics If you care enough for the personotta put in the hard work43 Dunning Kruger effect early part of the learning curve is exciting But it is uickly followed by the reality on how much do you have to learn before you become the expert and finally the satisfying feeling when the expertise is obtained Key is to not The Two of Swords give up after the initial euphoria Applies to many things in life people tend to be happier in their youth and old age 44 Self serving bias you re likely to say that your mistakes could not have been predicted and likely to apply hindsight bias to be critical of others45 Being explicit about the cultural norms in a company is one of the most high leverage activities you can do as a leader46 Manager s schedule vs maker s schedule 47 The only way toenerate outstanding returns is to be right and contrarian Just being right is not enough but don t be a contrarian for the sake of being a contrarian that s dangerous48 Vision without action is a daydream Action without vision is a nightmare Japanese proverb 49 OODA loop observe orient decide act Air Force Pilots are trained to Sinfully Damaged (Master Mistress, go through OODA loops uickly during dogfights where there s no time for analysis 50 Pivoting is difficult because it cuts against organisational inertia involves openly admitting failures and reuires finding a better solution all at the same time51 Only the paranoid surviv. N • Ever sat through a bad movie just because you paid a lot for the ticket You might be falling prey to Sunk Cost Fallacy • Set up Forcing Functions like standing meeting or deadlines to helprease the wheels for changes you want to occurSo the next time you find yourself faced with a difficult decision or just trying to understand a complex situation let Super Thinking upgrade your brain with mental modelsNote in the US the subtitle is The Big Book of Mental Models and outside it is Upgrade Your Reasoning and Make Better Decisions with Mental Models.
Since 2008 I've been the CEO & Founder of DuckDuckGo the Internet privacy company that empowers you to seamlessly take control of your personal information online without any tradeoffs Our private search engine is #4 in the US Germany Australia and dozens of other countries answering over 9 billion ueries in 2018I also co authored Super Thinking The Big Book of Mental Models Penguin P