Free books Fiasco The American Military Adventure in Ira author Thomas E. Ricks – dedelicate.com
Free books Fiasco The American Military Adventure in Ira author Thomas E. Ricks – dedelicate.com
Ey doubled down on a non interventionist olicy Bush made Donald Rumsfeld Defense Secretary and Wolfowitz Deputy Defense Secretary Initially however Wolfowitz s only strong interventionist ally in the Bush administration was Scooter Libby Cheney s chief of staff911 changed everything Rumsfeld became disillusioned with the intelligence community and again sided with Wolfowitz Then the New York Times chimed in with reporting by Pulitzer Prize winning columnist Judith Miller claiming Ira had a WMD Void program housed in multiple hidden sites None of it was true but it had a big impact Bush made sure everyone knew that his administration s attitude had changed in his 2002 state of the union speech when he declared Ira along with North Korea and Iran to be an axis of evil arming to threaten theeace of the worldtime is not on our side I will not wait on events while dangers gather Cheney reiterated in August 2002 saying We must take the battle to the enemy claiming There is no doubt Ira has WMD This would be roven false and to have been based on cherry icked bits of intelligence selected to Love, Laughter, and Merrily Ever Afters prove what the hardliners already believed Cheney radically changed after 911erhaps from fear of a repetition but also Freshman Rivals (Freshman Dorm, perhaps because he was suffering from serious heartroblems The hardliners reinforced each other and Cheney in Death Valley in 49 particular intimidated the intelligence community Cheney sressure culminated in CIA Director George Tenet releasing a made to order National Intelligence Estimate summary supporting the WMD case that heavily influenced President Bush The detailed report was far less clear than the summary In September 2002 NY Times columnist Judith Miller struck again this time on age one writing that Saddam Hussein was actively searching for A bomb arts later The True Story of the Bilderberg Group proven false By the fall of 2002 with the decision to go to war made and Congress offering no serious opposition Rumsfeld beganlanning Unlike Cheney in the Gulf War Rumsfeld overrode his military scaling back reuired force estimates When I Grow Up (Tales From Foster High, particularly for the aftermath Calling itlanning is really a misnomer Inexperienced civilian hardliners Arachne put together PowerPoints on what to expect Input from experiencedeople in the State Department or military was largely ignored Those that objected such as knowledgeable former generals Shinseki and Zinni were vilified The official line was that the troops would be welcomed as liberators uickly turn the government back over to the Irais and leave It was all Rock Lead Basics politically generated and na ve In February 2003 Secretary of State Colin Powell with Tenet sitting behind him gave a speech at the UN offering evidence of Irai WMD This abysmal lowoint in his career came about because he accepted the CIA summary and unverified input from the administration all of which was crafted to support a decision already made The US attacked in March 2003 Taking Baghdad Lightning Over Bennett Ranch proceededretty much as Sri Sumarah, Pariyem dan Bu Bei planned Little else did The Irai troops didn t defect in mass and support the Americans as the administration hadredicted Once defeated most waited to see what the Americans would do Some melted into the civilian Class Struggles population and began organizing resistance starting by stocking up on arms that Saddam had stashed around the country General Franks did not take responsibility for what followed in Ira after his victory in taking Baghdad The US had nolan to administer Ira after Saddam s fall US forces didn t secure the borders seize Saddam s arm stashes or maintain order Chaos ensued with widespread looting and vandalism American troops never expected to be an occupation force for which they were severely undermanned Some were busy hunting for WMDs that didn t exist Others were getting ready to go home as they had been Wilfred Owen (Routledge Revivals) promised Irais figured Americans didn t care or simply were incapable of taking control They soon lost any faith they may have had in their liberators Meanwhile on May 1 2003 Bush was uick to claim victory flying in a combat jet onto the deck of an aircraft carrier over which a banner claimed mission accomplished In May 2003 as the situation in Ira continued to deteriorate Paul Bremer was appointed to head the Coalition Provisional Authority He technically reported to Rumsfeld but Rumsfeld thought he reported to the White House National Security Council It didn t matter because Bremer did what he wanted General Franks was replaced by General Sanchez who reported to Central Command in Tampa which reported to Rumsfeld No singleerson in Ira was in charge and Bremer and Sanchez could barely stand each other Bremer wasted no time disenfranchising Irais First he fired all senior Baathist Study to Teach party members from government run organizations Thatut 85000 Global Corporations in Global Governance people who knew how to operate the country s infrastructure on the street without jobs Next he dissolved the Irai Armyutting 385000 men on the streets with no income and Angels in Harmony plenty of time to express their resentment Then he let go the 285000 working for the Interior Ministry which includedolice and security forces The US Army had not been notified in advance of these decisions Even Rumsfeld didn t seem to know about these decisions Bremer s actions ensured the occupation would be a long one and Sketchy Behavior proved to be an excellent way to get the Irai insurgency up and running Bombing and sniping increased and was widespread within a couple of months But back in Washington the Bush administration denied that there was a seriousroblem and still expressed confidence that that they would find WMD In July when asked about Irais attacking U S forces Bush said My answer is Bring em on A year later the Islamic Jihad Army replied Have you another challenge Bombings increased Particularly significant was the bomb laden truck that crashed into the UN mission in Ira in August 2003 killing twenty two and wounding seventy The blast broke windows a half mile away The UN reduced its Autumn Brides presence to a token and ceased being the mediator between the US and Shiite leaders Other international organizations took note and began leaving The insurgency was being strategic cutting Americans off from constructive contact with Irais American forces were a hammer in search of a nail The US employed counterproductive conventional war tactics with ard vehiclesatrolling through Irai neighborhoods mass roundups and imprisonments nighttime raids on The Princess and the Three Knights personal residences humiliating men in front of their familieshysical and mental abuse of detainees all guaranteed to alienate everyday Irais As Irai animosity intensified the IED the low tech roadside bomb became the weapon of choice for the insurgents The IED was very effective It was responsible for one third of US troop deaths in the insurgency s first year and two thirds of casualties reuiring medical evacuation out of Ira IED attacks would steadily increase throughout 2004 The IED further isolated US troops who became very reluctant to venture out among the Irais except as ordered on combat style missions General Sanchez The Beauty of Believing provided little central direction thus area commanders used varying tactics somearticularly harsh and alienating but a few such as General Petraeus in the Irai north employed Sticky Church proven counterinsurgency measures to good effect Counterinsurgency calls for winning over theeople by engaging with them and respecting them the opposite of what most US divisions were doingIn early October 2003 Bush still had the blinders on saying The situation is improving on a daily basis in Ira People are freer the security situation is getting better That month the Ramadan offensive got underway The insurgents sent a message to the US by launching rockets into the heavily rotected American Green Zone Rockets st. Has never been told before is that of a Military occupation whose leaders failed to see a blooming insurge.
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Ruck the hotel where Wolfowitz was staying killing an Army officer on the floor below They also sent a message to Irais working with the Americans assassinating one of the Baghdad mayors Violence dramatically escalated to 45 attacks er day on American forces US helicopters were shot down 60 US troops were killed in two weeks All in all by November US troops had been killed from May to November 2003 than in the US invasion Rumsfeld and the Bush administration s Witches of the Deep South plans still called for reducing US troop strength based on their belief that things were going well but now doubts crept in Finally Rumsfeld changed his tune sayingublically We re in a low intensity war that needs to be won Even the capture of Saddam Hussain in December didn t help Many Irai s felt now they could join the resistance since they would no longer be fighting for SaddamThe US Army was given the unexpected role of administering Irai Metro 2033 (Universo Metro) prisons including tens of thousands of detainees collected in the growing number of cordon and sweep operations While targeting known insurgents many innocent suspects were routinely detained in the sweeps and sent off torison Abu Ghraib the main Christianity prison was overwhelmed Prisoners waited weeks and months to be interrogated Many were simply lost in the system The reserve MP troops running therison were not Run for Your Life (Michael Bennett, properly trained or supervised and abuse wasrevalent not that abuse was confined to the Alice-Miranda at Camp prisons Individual field divisions varied widely in their treatment of detained Irais Detainees were freuently subject to violence and humiliation before enteringrison Ricks spends many The Red Queen: Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature (Penguin Press Science) (English Edition) pages describing the myriad waysrisoners were mistreated injured and sometimes killed and much became The Association of Small Bombs public Then the news about abu Ghraib broke in April 2004 Americans Irais andeople around the world were stunned Military leaders could claim they were unaware of much of the abuse in the field and Wilderness Survival Handbook prisons largely because many commanders had let it be known that they didn t want to hear about itAs 2004 unfolded the Irai insurgency hardened and spread Now the insurgents were better euipped and experienced But US forces rotated out after one year Their replacements had to learn all over again how war in Ira was fought It wasn t the war they were trained to fight The few good working relationships between Irai and US forces were lost A significant failure of those leaving was notroperly training euipping and supporting Irai forces the US had recruited This was essential given the inability of Americans to understand and deal with The White Mans Burden people of a different culture and language Another failure that undercut attempts to implement counterinsurgency doctrine was notroviding security for the majority of Irais who were not insurgents The average Irai was terrified by uncontrolled crime Kidnappings robberies and rapes were commonplace If the US couldn t rotect them better to align with the insurgents Another failure was not getting basic services up and running What were Irais with no electricity to think when they saw the bright lights emanating from the green zoneIn March 2004 Fallujah exploded A group of Blackwater security contractors bypassed a marine checkpoint were ambushed dismembered hung from a bridge then burned to cheering crowds General Mattis and his Marines had taken over from the army in Fallujah just days earlier Mattis saw this as a loy by the insurgents to draw them into a major battle Mattis who had trained his troops in counterinsurgency tactics wanted to wait then go after just the insurgents responsible to maintain relations with city residents He and his military bosses including Sanchez were overruled President Bush demanded major action immediately to offset the images on TV Without time to gather intelligence the marines went in clearing the city block by block in intense fighting The fighting spread to nearby Ramadi then Shiite militias attacked the south of Ira and in Shiite enclaves in Baghdad Sunni and Shiite attacks spread to other cities Attacks on convoys increased sharply Irai troops that Americans had recruited refused to fight other Irais In April President Bush inexplicably said Most of Fallujah is returning to normal Nothing could have been further from the truth The marines were forced by Bush to turn the city back over to those they had been fighting so he could claim victory The war strategy was being directed Carry Me Over the Threshold politically and ineptly from the White House Ira was on fire the insurgents were winning battles and theeople fell in line At one US battalion H a sign read Dilbert of the Day The key to happiness is self delusion Ricks goes on to describe many other battles As 2004 rolled into summer both sides improved their tactics but the US still lacked a strategy to win or end the war echoing Viet Nam Special Forces were not being used effectively but given the debacle of conventional warfare in 2004 by 2005 they would be seen as the answer Special Forces were designed to engage in small scale The Courtship Basket precise actions designed to eliminate the enemy without alienating theeople By 2005 two Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 2 Samuel (The Expositors Bible Commentary pillars of the rationale for invasion were laid to rest There were no WMD and no linkage between Saddam Hussain s regime and al aeda The thirdillar of the rationale liberation also looked incredibly weak After abu Ghraib and the toll of destruction and death experienced by everyday Irais how could it be said they were better off The New York Times and other newspapers that had lent support to the war hawks changed their tune Congress chimed in and began criticizing the administration for the handling of the war The fallaciousness of Judith Miller s reporting was exposed and she left the Times in 2005 In mid 2004 Bremer and General Sanchez were replaced The new leadership began the transition to counterinsurgency tactics In November 2004 the second battle of Fallujah began This time with three times the number of troops months of Small Talk planning and the use of Special Operations the marines took the city in fierce methodical block by block house to house combat Much of the fighting was at close uarters but the marines also fired four thousand artillery rounds and ten thousand mortar shells supplemented by ten tons of bombs dropped from the air Two thousand buildings in Fallujah were destroyed and ten thousand damaged The battle was important to show that the insurgents were not the inevitable winners but the destruction of Fallujah was hardly going to endear the residents to their liberators The death of residents was minimized since almost all left the city before the battle beganIn 2005 the insurgency became sophisticated and expanded The US began implementing new tactics that were anathema in 2003 This is where Ricks leaves us the bookublished in 2006 The takeaways are Accidental Pharisees pretty obvious Aolitically driven disastrous war was entered into by an administration motivated by aranoid beliefs an administration that isolated itself ignoring experienced and knowledgeable input an administration that bought into any story that supported its reconceived notions an administration that could never admit it made mistakes an administration living in a delusion Ricks ends by exploring Light Thickens (Roderick Alleyn, possible scenarios for the future of Ira He considers civil and regional war asossibilities Many of these scenarios and are still A Multi-Site Church Roadtrip possible as our latestresident know it all tinkers with forces he doesn t understand in the Middle East maintaining America s involvement in the Yemini Civil War and taunting Iran Reading how the Bush administration drove America to war in Ira sends a chill down my spine when I think about how our current resident employs the same modus operandi. Ncy for what it was and as a result lead their soldiers in such a way that the insurgency became inevitable.
Critically important but very difficult book to read As one who long supported Ira II to read such a thorough evisceration of the justification and strategic rosecution of the war was frankly heart rending There were errors of negligence bull headed ness stress at every level There are two hopeful elements first I learned of this book because it is being taught as art of the curriculum at West Point This demonstrates an atypical and invaluable institutional capacity for self learning Second although slowly the US military itself kept searching for tactical adjustments at the field level to the institutional failings of DC Great innovation rarely occurs at the center a strength of the West in general and the US military in specific I ve always enjoyed Thomas Ricks reporting in WaPo WSJ etc as well as his earlier book Making the Corps What I appreciated most about Fiasco was its crisp rose and simple level headedness In that Fiasco confirmed a belief that I have slowly been coming to that even after we invaded Ira it still really might have been ok not good necessarily but ok But we blew opportunity after opportunity to do the right thing and it really is unredeemable now The thing that weirds me out the most though Realizing how much of this basic narrative was available to me while I was neck deep in grad school Granted I was a military history freak in jr high and high school and still read the news avidly even during seminary But if I could spot so many of our military and Introduction to Orthotics policy missteps as an overworked theology student what the hell was our White House and DOD doing Wasn t it their job toay attention How bad was their information stream anyway Or were they really that arrogantly impervious to uncomfortable truths Depressing but enlightening Retrospective on another important book I-O published some years ago on Ira How has the work held upThomas Ricks book Fiasco wasart of an increasing body of literature featuring and books based on the words and experiences of insiders government and military officials talking after the fact raising uestions about the wisdom of the original decision to invade Ira and the occupation and nation building efforts thereafter This work and others as well raises important uestions about the extent to which the American effort to create democratic nation building in Ira was doomed from the start Any number of books and articles in the subject of what it takes to create democracy and what it takes to engineer democracies speak to a டணாயக்கன் கோட்டை [Danaayakkan Kottai] project that had a low chance of success from the get go And given the strategic and tactical errors of the United States those originally low odds of success became lower still So Fiasco is one among several works that raised serious uestions about the outcome of the American experiment in democratic nation building in Ira Ricks book is useful in this context to thisoint it is one of the best efforts at getting insights and accounts from insiders Again we need to be somewhat cautious about the many sources who spoke with the author Some have axes to grind others are not necessarily the most credible sources Nonetheless this work in combination with others that have appeared raises interesting and important uestions and is an important work to explore Ira as of early 2011 appears to be wobbly but it has become a independent state and the mechanisms of government created over the Understanding Central Asia past several years creak along Werobably need a bit time to see how things end up but many of the negative analyses such as Ricks may well have been too negative Again though we need to see how history works itself out When Fiasco first came out naturally there were many opinions on it ranging from fantastic to trash I kept some of the bad reviews I d seen and heard in mind as I read this book trying to look for evidence to Vietcong prove those bad reviews were well founded Frankly I didn t find any such evidence Two things come to mind here Firstly in one community online that Ieek into now and then I skimmed over a discussion on the boards about it a few months ago One Mastering the Mystical Heptarchy person argued the title of the book stating it was unfair to judge this war by such a title a fiasco until the war had come to a close and we had all evidence to judge by Something about that statement didn t uite sit well with me but I thought sure there might be a validoint to that at least looking at it from one angle From a different angle however I think it s Relatos inconfesables de un monje possible to judge based onrogress reports How else are you going to know if you re being successful or not if you don t analyze The Gentleman Mentor (Lessons with the Dom, progress and make corrections where needed along the waySecondlyeople have treated the book like it does nothing but The German Occupation Of Jersey point out failures andut the whole situation in a bad light a worse light than is actually necessary I totally disagree Read the book It reads like a history book with brief summaries of what happened when from events leading up to the actual invasion to the here and now and what was said by which key figures and at what oint on the time line Yes the failures were outlined and yes a lot of bad things have gone on over there But the successes that occurred over there however fleeting they may have been were also included I didn t find this a biased book at all I ve come away from reading it with a much much higher respect for our military My eyes have been opened to a lot and my view on this war has changed a bit which has surprised me I m not so sure I m one of those eople who is ready to demand we bring all our troops back home instantly I think as I have for years that they were unfairly thrown into a disaster waiting to happen But to add insult to injury they were given a small fraction of the resources needed to be successful and expected to Mr. Sheriff (Mr. Series, perform miracles overnight How can you expect success when you don t have a clearlan for everything or the tools needed So yes regardless of who s to blame here it has been a fiasco in ways than one Now I think it s time they get the full support they need to do what needs to be done The only There Is No I in Church problems that remain in my mind are the uestions of whether or not it s too late and whether or not the resources for full support exist It should ve been done right the first go round right from the start but we can t do much about theast now unfortunatelyThis administration should truly be ashamed of itself Something else that resulted from reading this book was how utterly embarrassed I am of our government It s one thing to make mistakes but it s another to refuse to admit to being wrong and to refuse to do anything to right those wrongs At other Rules Compendium (Babylon 5 Wars, 2nd Edition) peoples expense They have never seemed to grasp that it s not just their lives being affected by their ignorant decisionsGod help the next President who has to try to clean up this mess The failure of the 1991 Gulf War to take out Saddam Hussein left a small contingent of hawks looking for redress Most notable among these was then Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Paul Wolfowitz who reported to Defense Secretary Dick Cheney As aolicy of containment took hold Wolfowitz complained for action against Saddam but in the Bush 41 administration he did not find a receptive ear from Cheney Wolfowitz s disdain for containment may have been due to the loss of most of his Polish extended family in the holocaust Wolfowitz compared Saddam to Hitler and his security forces to the Gestapo Another advocate for action was Donald Rumsfeld who along with Wolfowitz and John Bolton belonged to an advocacy group that issued a letter to President Clinton in 1998 demanding regime change in Ira Even though in the 2000 residential election Bush and Chen. This is the Story of The American Military Adventure in Ira The Heart of the story Fiasco has to tell which.
Thomas Edwin Tom Ricks born September 25 1955 is an American journalist who writes on defense topics He is a Pulitzer Prize winning former reporter for the Wall Street Journal and Washington Post He writes a blog at ForeignPolicycom and is a member of the Center for a New American Security a defense policy think tankHe lectures widely to the military and is a member of Harvard University